What is a Land Survey?
A land survey is an instrument used to locate and mark the boundaries of the land. A survey will also identify the precise measurements and position of any structures or other location improvements on that property. There are many different methods of surveying property depending on the shape and size of the land and the kind of legal description which is available. In addition to this the land surveyor may also include a description of features such as water, air conditioning or power lines, and any underground utilities.
The main purpose of a land survey is to determine what boundaries exist around a property, how those boundaries should be marked and to establish whether properties are in accordance with the legal descriptions of property lines. There are many different ways in which property boundaries can be defined. The three main types of property boundary surveys are: physical, geometric and electronic. Each one uses its own special terminology to describe what is a land survey. Find out more about surveys and a Building Survey Chelmsford at a site like Sam Conveyancing
Physical surveys simply involve laying of permanent land boundaries using concrete, rocks or landscaping. This is the most traditional way of establishing property lines and does not take into account changes in land elevations or the shifting of soil. These physical surveyors must rely on latitude and longitude readings as records of the actual elevations of poles or the earth’s curvature.
Most legal boundaries are established by legal deeds, which grant the legal rights of ownership to certain areas. Legal boundaries are frequently changed over time, particularly with respect to alterations to landlines, because of new developments on that property. Thus, it becomes important to have land surveys verify these changes to ensure that your property is legally free from liability for such misalignments. These land surveys also establish and record changes in property lines within a given boundary line, which is sometimes necessary to determine whether a land boundary has changed.
Geographical land surveys, on the other hand, are used to set up and maintain land surveys. This type of land survey involves the use of satellite technology or digital equipment in determining the location of physical points on the surface of land. Usually, this type of land survey involves the construction of road ways and/or highways, but they may also be used for more complex projects such as demarcating the border of two counties or establishing a waterway. Digital land surveys are becoming increasingly popular with both residential and commercial developers, as they allow easy measurement and recording of property boundaries without the use of physical tools. In addition, they provide a level of accuracy that has made them highly preferable for these complex and detailed projects.
Land surveys allow for accurate measurements of properties, property boundaries, and property line locations. They also help establish where improvements to properties should go, and that boundaries should govern them.